Warmth and hospitality
The production zone covers an area of almost two hundred hectares distributed over some small valleys and a series of hills facing towards the sea. To meet the Malvasia di Bosa D.O.C. requirements vines must be cultivated no higher than 325 metres above sea level. Within these restrictions the vineyards vary greatly, although most of them are located at altitudes between 70 and 170 metres. The production area is also marked by a coastal climate which is particularly mild in winter, with mean annual temperatures ranging from a maximum of 17-18°C to a minimum of 12-13°C . In terms of terroir, the best vines are to be found in well-drained, limestone-clay soils with a significant potassium content. What really makes Malvasia di Bosa such a special wine though is the unique geography and microclimate of the Planargia region, the orientation of its valleys and their nearness to the sea. These factors not only provide the vines with ideal ventilation, they also play an important part in improving the quality and quantity of the grapes, which differ according to exposure, the layout of the vineyards and the intensity and frequency of rainfall and the predominant winds, which include the ‘mistral', levanter and, although more rarely, the north wind.
Like the mystery that shrouds the ancient “nuraghi” and “domus de janas” in this area, the real origins of Malvasia di Bosa wine are lost in the mists of time. The grape was originally introduced to Mediterranean areas by the Venetians in the 13 th century after the conquest of the city of Monemvasia in the Peloponnese and it was probably the island's trade links that brought it to Sardinia. But according to another theory the introduction of Malvasia grapes to the island dates back to the 5 th–6 th centuries AD, that is the period immediately succeeding the fall of the Roman Empire. Whatever its history though, one thing is sure, the unique climate of the island and the experience gained from centuries of perfecting cultivation and production processes make Malvasia di Bosa one of the finest Italian wines.
Every Mediterranean country has its own Malvasia and the vines as well as the wines are often very different. The variety grown largely in Planargia stands somewhere between the two great families, one of which has a delicate, even if rather immediate aroma and the other which is light with a slightly bitter aftertaste.
The Malvasia di Bosa D.O.C. specifications cover various types of wine, “natural sweet”, “dry”, “natural sweet dessert wine” and “dry dessert wine”, but the best known are the young, pale yellow wine and the matured Malvasia di Bosa that is similar to a dry sherry. The first has a powerful aroma of ripe fruit and a sweet, suave taste whereas the second, which is matured for at least two years, has an ethereal almond bouquet and an intense golden colour with hints of amber.
Planargia covers an area of almost 300 km2 in the north western sector of Sardinia and boasts a population of slightly more than thirteen thousand inhabitants; it includes the Municipalities of Bosa, Montresta, Modolo, Suni, Sagama, Tinnura, Flussio, Magomadas and Tresnuraghes. It has been truly blessed with a wealth of natural beauty and historical interest. Its rolling hills, awe-inspiring cliffs, splendid beaches, unpolluted, crystal clear seas and dense holm and cork oak forests offer something for everyone. It is no coincidence that over 50 protected bird species have made their home here, including the griffon vulture that was in grave danger of extinction.
The area also boasts an incredibly rich archaeological and artistic heritage created by the succession of civilisations that have left their mark on the area. Set on the banks of the only navigable river in Sardinia, Bosa is a delightful town that nestles under the shadow of the charming mediaeval castle built by the Malaspina family in 1112. Then, there are the ancient Nuraghi, mysterious giants' graves, beautiful Romanesque churches, suggestive castles and picturesque mediaeval villages. The real attraction of the area though lies in the warmth and hospitality of the local people, in their colourful traditions and folk festivals, in their delicious gastronomic specialities and in the aroma, colour and taste of their fine Malvasia di Bosa.